Types of Heavy Equipment Every Construction Job Site Needs

Heavy Equipment

Do you know that the heavy equipment market size is expected to reach $2.40 billion in value by 2027?

Whether you’re working on a construction site, a busy highway, or a large-scale landscaping project, there’s a piece out of the types of heavy equipment that can make your job simpler and safer.

But, if you’re new to the wide world of heavy equipment types, no worries. We’ve got you covered. Read on for our full breakdown of the common construction equipment types that you might need for your project.

The Crowned King of the Types of Heavy Equipment: Excavators

Excavators are a critical piece of construction equipment. Excavation is their primary function, but they’re also used for a wide range of other tasks, including heavy lifting, demolition, river dredging, and tree cutting. An excavator is equipped with a long arm and a cabinet for storing materials.

A bucket and a cabinet for the machine operator are located at the end of the long arm digging bucket. This whole cabin set-up can be swiveled around to face any direction, making it much easier to maneuver. When you’re looking for equipment rental, you’ll find wheeled and tracked excavators are also available.

A Backhoe

Backhoes are another common piece of equipment that you can utilize for a variety of tasks. The term “hoe truck” implies that the vehicle’s loading bucket is in the front, while the hoe attachment is set in the rear.

Using the front bucket, loading, unloading, and you can lift goods while digging trenches below the machine’s level.

Cold Planers

Using revolving drums and carbide cutters, cold planers are large construction machinery that grinds pavement or asphalt. A cold planer may be used to remove just a little amount of material or to go in and remove a substantial amount of material.

Most cold planers include a water system to keep the work area clean and safe since grinding asphalt and pavement generates a lot of dust.

A cold planer may be used to mill a road for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Recycling asphalt for new roads or other projects
  • Repairing existing damage
  • Creating rumble strips for use along highways
  • Smoothing land before paving

For a wide range of applications, cold planers are offered in a variety of sizes. Smaller machines are easier to maneuver and more suited for smaller milling jobs, while larger machines are more difficult to maneuver but better suited for larger milling jobs.

Dragline Excavator

The dragline excavator is another heavy construction machine that is often utilized for deeper excavations.

With a cable attached to the top of the boom, a digging bucket is hanging there. You can use dragline excavators to excavate underwater, remove debris from waterways, and build ports.

Bulldozers

Excavators with bulldozers are another option for removing the dirt to a certain depth. The large metal plate with sharp edges placed at its front is used to remove dirt.

Hydraulic pistons can lower and lift this plate. For the removal of weak soil or rock layers, as well as the lifting of soil, they are commonly utilized.

Graders

One sort of construction equipment that is often used to build roads is the motor grader or grader. It is mostly used for soil surface leveling. During operation, contractors would lower the horizontal blade into the ground between the front and rear wheels.

The driver’s cabin is set on top of the rear axle. Additionally, you can use motor graders to clear snow and debris off roadways, level soil before the application of an asphalt layer, and remove extra soil layers.

Wheel Tractor Scrapers

Wheel Tractor Scrapers are a kind of earth-moving machinery that scrapes the ground to level it. Tractor vehicles in front and dirt collecting hopper at the back are the main components of the front section of the machine.

Using a conveyor belt, it sends the excavated earth to a hopper and stored there until you lower the front blade and transport the vehicle. Then, a worker would lift the hopper from the ground when it’s full, and dump dirt from the hopper into a nearby dump yard.

Trenchers

Excavators can use trenchers to excavate trenches in the earth. You can use these ditches for a variety of purposes, including cable laying, drainage, and more. It is possible to use either chain or wheeled trenchers for digging.
You can attach digging chains to a chain trencher’s digging arm.

You’ll find that wheeled-trenchers that can link with a metal wheel that has digging teeth on it. When digging hard soil, wheeled trenchers are more suited for the job. For both types of trenchers, rental companies would provide tracked and wheeled trenchers.

Loaders

Material is loaded into dumpers, lorries, and other vehicles with the use of a loader at construction sites. Excavated soil, demolition debris, raw materials, and so forth are examples of acceptable materials.

Loaders have a huge bucket at the front of the machine, and a shorter arm for moving it. Tracked or wheeled, a loader is available. Sites, where wheeled vehicles can’t get to, are where crawling or tracked loaders are most often used.

Tower Cranes

In the building of towering structures, tower cranes are permanent cranes that you can use for lifting purposes. This sort of equipment is ideal for lifting heavy items such as pre-stressed concrete blocks, steel trusses, and frames to the desired height.

Mast, the crane’s vertical support tower, Jib, the second crane arm carrying counterweight on the backside, and an operator cabin allow the crane to be handled from the cabin.

Paver

Paving equipment, such as asphalt pavers, can use them to lay pavement. Asphalt is continually fed into the paver’s feeding bucket by the dump truck, and the paver spreads the asphalt over the road uniformly with light compaction.

In order to ensure proper compaction, you must use a roller used once you’ve laid the asphalt layer.

Heavy Construction Equipment: Unlocked

Heavy construction equipment is essential for any big project, and construction sites will have at least a couple to work the tough tasks. Hopefully, our guide has shed some light on the different types of heavy equipment you can rent.

And, if you liked reading our article, then you’ll love checking out our additional tips and strategies in our construction section.

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